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北京托福培訓班地址

發布:北京新文達國際教育 時間:2021-02-25 點擊:16

托福培訓課程

北京托福培訓班地址 新托福閱讀段落主旨題解題技巧,新托福閱讀考試中主旨題是其閱讀的一大難點,難就難在這種題目是多項選擇需要看遍全文,往往耗時較多。很多人做到最后一道題時還要返回去看一遍全文,而頁面以提示時間到“,托福的第一項便這樣在慌亂中草草收場,以至于對后面的考試產生不利影響。表主旨的典型問法有:The X paragraph mainly about? 等,因此針對復雜的主旨題應該先找到它的主旨(main idea)具體思路如下: 北京托福培訓班地址

托??谡Ztask4 例題

在托??谡Z考試中,綜合口語中會涉及到聽力內容和閱讀內容,只有掌握了這2個部分的重點內容才能更好的答題。那對于這2個部分的重點內容應該如何把握呢?下面是小編為您整理的關于托??谡Ztask4 例題,希望對你有所幫助。



托??谡Ztask4 例題

閱讀內容:

? Revealing Coloration 00:45 seconds

? Many animals use coloration to protect themselves from predators. ? One defensive strategy involving the use of coloration is what is known as revealing coloration. ? Animals employing this strategy have an area of bright color onsome part of their body, this bright color is usually hidden from predators’ view. When approached by a predator, the animal suddenly reveals the area of bright color, this unexpected display of color startles or confuses the predatorand provides the would-be-prey with an opportunity to escape.

文本分析

Title:

Revealing Coloration

考生對Coloration一詞較熟,可預測段落解釋重點放在Revealing上。

定義:

?中重復出現了標題Revealing Coloration,并且有非常明顯的提示詞known as 。結合內容,動物保護色是動物進行自我防御的一種策略。因此,該句是定義句。

注意點:

很多考生認為定義句一般出現在段落開頭,但?中指出許多動物用顏色作為保護,以預防捕食者的襲擊。這屬于背景敘述,不是定義句。

?中是對動物保護所采取的strategy的的具體描述,因為從句較長,考生應該對內容加以概括或適當舍棄。

筆記

Title:

Revealing Coloration

定義:

托福培訓班

defen strategy

use color.

答題要點:

Definition:

Revealing coloration is a defensive strategy used by animals to protect themselves from predators.

聽力內容:

? There’s a large tropical insect called the Peanut Bug. Yes, like the peanuts you eat. Um, and the ? Peanut Bugs front wings are colored so they blend in with their surroundings. But its back wings, which are usually closed andhidden, have these bright colorful spots on them. ? And when the Peanut Bugs are attacked, it suddenly opens its back wings and out pop these bright colors. And that surprises the predator and gives the Peanut Bug a chance to get away.Um, ? then you have a butterfly called the morpho butterfly. And parts of the morpho butterfly wings are very shiny. They reflect a lot of sunlight. ? When this butterfly is resting, this shiny part of its wings is hidden. ? Nowmorpho butterflies are often attacked by birds. So when a bird approaches, the morpho flies away. And when the morpho flaps its wings, all the bird can see are flashes of light reflected from the morpho’s wings. Those flashes of lightmake it very difficult for the bird to follow the morpho. And the morpho is usually able to get away.

關鍵點

1 Example :

教授在講座中會用一個例子闡述閱讀材料中的學術話題。在這種情況下,考生在復述過程中,應該盡可能地講出該例子中的細節,并注意細節與細節之間的邏輯關系。

2 Examples:

或者,教授會在講座中用兩個例子闡述閱讀材料中的學術話題,兩個例子可能是有關于教授自身的經歷,也有可能是來自其他方面。

注意點:

如果講座中,教授講述的是一個實驗或者一項研究,考生務必從實驗對象、實驗過程、實驗結果三個方面去論述閱讀中的academic topic.

2 Examples:

? 中教授以the Peanut Bug為例來說明解釋說明Revealing Coloration。

? 中,教授說道,Peanut Bugs的前翅是有顏色的,因此呈現出與周圍的環境很和諧的效果。?中,指出Peanut Bugs一旦被襲擊,就會打開后翅out pop these bright colors,然后給自己可以逃離捕食者的機會。

?中教授講了另一個例子the morpho butterfly,來進一步解釋說明Revealing Coloration。?中指出,當這種butterfly休息的時候,翅膀的閃亮的部分就會被藏起來。?中,教授繼續說道,morpho butterflies 會遭到鳥類的攻擊,而翅膀的保護色會讓鳥類難以找到它們,而趁機逃跑。

托福培訓班

兩個例子可以從“自身擁有保護色”和“借助保護色逃離被捕食”兩個角度分別敘述。

筆記

2 Examples:

Peanut Bug

前翅colored , 與環境和諧

attacked, open 后翅,get away

Morph. butterf.

shiny part , hidd

attacked ,difficu. follow

托??谡Ztask4答題要點:

Example 1:

The first example is peanut bug. The peanut bug’s back wings are usually closed and have bright colorful spots on them. When peanut is attacked, it suddenly opens its back wings to show its bright colors that surprise its predators

Example 2:

The second example is morpho butterfly. Parts of Morpho Butterfly’s wings are very shiny. When the butterfly is resting, the wings are hidden. When the butterfly is attacked by birds, it flaps the wings to reflect flashes of light thatcan make it hard for birds to catch the butterfly.



托??谡Ztask4答題模板:

In the reading, the article talks about___?___, (which means___?___)

In the listening, the professor gives out one/ two example(s) to explain the title.

For instance, ___________?____________.

The second is___________?____________.

托福培訓班

Therefore, by giving out this/these example(s), the professor tells us the meaning of ______?______.(optional)

托??谡Ztask4模板解析:

根據拿到閱讀材料,立刻記下標題的原則,?中說出具體title,之后根據提示詞找出定義句,?中具體說出definition。如果定義太長或難以概括,可以省略不說。

聽講座時,帶著“老師用什么例子來進行說明”這個問題去聽。聽力材料的前兩句話,老師會給出所聽內容的概括性介紹。再結合閱讀給出的概念。再聽舉例說明。其方法通常是舉出擴展事例,舉反例或是短文中概念的實際應用。

?和?處分別復述講座中教授是如何用一個或者兩個例子,具體說明閱讀材料中的academic topic的。

最后,如果時間有多余,可以加上結尾句,在?處重新說出閱讀標題,概括整個回答。

托??谡Ztask4范文:

In the reading, it says that revealing coloration is a defensive strategy used by animals to protect themselves from predators. The professor uses two examples to explain this concept. The first example is peanut bug. The peanut bug’sback wings are usually closed and have bright colorful spots on them. When peanut is attacked, it suddenly opens its back wings to show its bright colors that surprise its predators. So it reveals the usually hidden bright color in backwings to startle its predators. Then the peanut bug can escape. The second example is morph butterfly. Parts of Morpho Butterfly’s wings are very shiny. When the butterfly is resting, the wings are hidden. When the butterfly is attackedby birds, it flaps the wings to reflect flashes of light that can make it hard for birds to catch the butterfly. In other words, it reveals the bright color of its wings to confuse its predators. So the Morpho Butterfly can get away.

練托??谡Z的技巧

1.Listen to yourself(聽自己).如果你不能聽出你自己的發音問題,就很難去改正它。試著把你的朗讀或演說錄下來,并與以英語為母語的外國人士做個比較。

2.Slowdown(慢下來).很多英語學習者說話都求快,其實快不見得就說得好,說得越快毛病越不容易改掉。每天練習一點點,從聲調到單詞再到句子,慢慢來,急不得。

3.Pictureit(畫圖).閉上眼睛,在說話之前想想如何發這個音,想想嘴巴和臉的定位。

4.Copy the experts(模仿專家).英語為母語的人士是最好的老師。所以,注意聽英語廣播或英語電影、電視節目,聽他們的發音,還要注意看他們的口形。不要看字幕,模仿你聽到的聲音,即使你不確定他們在說什么。

5.Practice(練習).發音有問題是難免的,因此很多人會害怕說錯而不開口。沒關系,多練習就好了,不要害羞。

6.Find a partner(找伙伴).從別人那里得到反饋是很重要的。找個也對提高英語水平感興趣的伙伴,互相鼓勵,互相比賽,多對話。

7.Be poetic(充滿詩意).大聲地念詩、演講,專注在字的重音和音調。因為,詩歌通常都是瑯瑯上口,有節奏感的,多多練習有助于提高英語水平。發音準了,語調對了,語感慢慢出來了,這對記憶單詞和交流都有好處。

8.Sing a song(唱歌).聽熱門英文歌曲并跟唱。唱歌可以以輕松的心情學習和使用單詞,也可以幫助你學習節奏和語調,是寓教于樂的好方法。

北京托福培訓班地址
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