托福綜合口語TPO40 Task3(聽力+閱讀+題目):University to Create a Lounge for Commuter Students
University to Create a Lounge for CommuterStudents
Many students at our university do not live indormitories. These students live in town or in thesuburbs and travel to campus every day. Theuniversity has decided to provide these commuter students with a special lounge the studentcenter-with couches, chairs, and a television. University officials hope that this lounge-a place tosocialize and relax-will give commuter students some of the same advantages that dormitoryresidents now have. An important additional feature of the lounge will be a bulletin board onthe wall for posting and sharing information that may be especially useful to commuterstudents and their particular needs.
W : Hey, it' s nice that they're gonna do this.
M : It' s not a bad idea，but do you think they'llaccomplish what they are hoping?
W : Sure. I mean the dormitories all have their ownlounges. And think about how much time studentsspend there and how many people they meat.
M : Yeah. I got to know a lot of people in my dorm during my first semester Just watching TVand taking study breaks in the lounge.
W : Right. Those dorm lounges are really essential to students'life. And I met peoplethere.They really helped me with my schoolwork too. Students who leave off campus don't haveanything like that.
M : That's true.
W : Plus, I like the idea of posting stuff. You know, things like notices from students who wannaget together with other students to share car rides to campus.
M : Yeah. Ride shares information could be helpful.
W : Absolutely. If students knew about ride shares, they could save money getting intocampus, coz a few of them could travel in one car.
The woman expresses her opinion about theuniversity’s plan. Briefly summarize the plan thenstate her opinion about the plan and explain thereasons she gives for holding that opinion.
The professor talks about two ways to make a product’s container look better. The first way is to make it as user-friendly as possible. For example, the container of condiments was made of glass. When people use it, they have to screw off the lid and pour out the condiment, which will make food look messy. But now it is made of plastic. People just have to squeeze it to get the condiment out. The second way is to give the container pleasing appearance. In this way, customers will feel comfortable displaying them. For example, cookies were contained in a plain cardboard box. But now they are contained in metal box decorated with beautiful pictures. Now that the container looks better, people are more willing to buy the products.
The school has implemented a new policy that create a lounge for the commuter students. And the woman holds a positive view towards the announcement. The first reason she gave is that the lounge is very central to student life, andthe people there could actually help her with her school work. Students who live off campus don’t have anything like that. And the second one is based on the fact that the woman likes the idea of posting stuff. Things like notices fromstudents who want to get together with other students to share car rides to campus. And it could save a lot of money for students because a few of them could travel in one car. Therefore, she agrees with that opinion.
Within certain animal species, conflicts sometimesarise over resources such as territory or food. Toresolve these conflicts, two animals of the samespecies may engage in agonistic behavior. With thistype of aggressive behavior, theanimalsparticipate in a physical competition thatdemonstrates which animal is more powerful. While each animal attempts to prove its strengthin the competition, it typically does so without harming the other animal once the winnerisestablished, that animal gains access to the desired resources, while the weaker animalsurrenders and leaves the area.
Explain how the example in the lecture illustrates agonistic behavior
In the lecture, the professor mainly talked about the theory about agonistic behavior. To reinforce the theory, the professor gave an example about two rattlesnakes in his speech. In the example, scientists saw two rattlesnakes hadfound the same hole and both of them wanted to eat the food there. And what happened was the two rattlesnakes faced each other and made themselves as tall as possible. And then they began pushing each other and trying to control oneanother. But in this process, neither of those two rattlesnakes was trying to hurt each other. And the snake which could have easily bitten the other one, it didn’t, and let it go. Finally the winner got the food. So this examplejustify the agonistic behavior which is the certain animals species just simply want to show off the power of themselves in the regard of territory or food and prove their strength in the competition.
Briefly summarize the problem the speakers arediscussing. Then state which solution you wouldrecommend Explain the reasons for yourrecommendation
In this conversat ion, the woman is having a hard time dealing with the problem that whether she should go to see the play with her classmates tonight. Because she has a history test tomorrow morning and if she went to the triptonight it’ll leave her no time to study. And the man offers her two possible solutions. One is she could do the studying after she get back from the play. The other is go to see the play by herself some other night and prepare for thetest tonight. And if it were my choice, I would choose the former one, because if she were to go to see the play by herself, she would have to pay for the ticket and the most important thing is she would have no company to go there anddiscuss the play with. So if she were to go there tonight with the whole class, not only she could save some money but also it would be a really interesting experience.
托?？谡ZTPO40 Task6:Strategies Salespeople
Using points and examples from the lecture, explaintwo strategies salespeople use to address customerconcerns.
In the lecture, the professor provides two strategies to illustrate a theory that how important a good salesman needs to talk to customers effectively and get their products sold. The first one is that he should point out somethingspecial about the product. For example, if a customer says the computer is expensive in an electronic store, the salesperson should mention how fast the computer is, and how much work it can get done within a short time. The second one is that demonstrate something about the product, actually use it in front of the customer. For instance, if the customer were to express the concern about whether the laptop is portable enough, the salesman should address this concern by unplugging the computer and putting it into the carrying case to show the customer how easy it is to transport. And that's the two strategies the speaker presented to explain the theory.