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北京托福培訓學

發布:北京新文達國際教育 時間:2021-02-25 點擊:8

托福培訓課程

北京托福培訓學 新托福閱讀段落主旨題解題技巧,新托福閱讀考試中主旨題是其閱讀的一大難點,難就難在這種題目是多項選擇需要看遍全文,往往耗時較多。很多人做到最后一道題時還要返回去看一遍全文,而頁面以提示時間到“,托福的第一項便這樣在慌亂中草草收場,以至于對后面的考試產生不利影響。表主旨的典型問法有:The X paragraph mainly about? 等,因此針對復雜的主旨題應該先找到它的主旨(main idea)具體思路如下: 北京托福培訓學

托??谡Ztask5 技巧

對于托??谡Z題的第5道題型Task5,很多考生在初次接觸這道題型的情況下紛紛表示信息量過大,很難在規定的時間內獲取并提煉有效的“考點信息”,并且在答題時感覺各種信息交織在一起、千頭萬緒,無法在60秒的答題時間內梳理出真正有效的要點信息。下面是小編為您整理的關于托??谡Ztask5 技巧,希望對你有所幫助。



托??谡Ztask5答題技巧歸納

先解析一下第五題答案結構,我建議大家用二分法答題,一分鐘分為兩個30秒,前一個30秒包括3句話陳述人物遇到的問題,2句話分別列出兩個解決方案;后一個30秒分析自己的選擇原因,主要去分析自己沒選擇的觀點存在什么缺陷,再一兩句話稍微帶一下自己選項的好處。

這題和第三題一樣注意一般現在時的統一性,所以再次提醒大家動詞的形態,第五題前半部分陳述很死板,建議大家聽聽力前就在草稿紙上把筆記框架話好,往里面填信息即可。后半部分個人發揮空間較大,三句話分析你不選的選項有什么問題,最后兩句話總結自己的選項。

Task5題型分析

首先,來看一下Task5的題型。

(1)遇到的問題;

(2)解決方案—1;

(3)方案1的優勢;

(4)方案1的劣勢;

(5)解決方案—2;

(6)方案2的優勢;

(7)方案2的劣勢。

而Task5的題目要求是:首先表述一下其中一人所遇到的困境是什么?其次,表明在材料所給出的兩個解決方案中考生自己傾向于選哪一個,并表明自己選擇的原因是什么。

在分析完題型后,我們應該來研究一下怎樣利用這些信息來進行高效的答題。畢竟每個考生只有60秒的回答時間,如果不加篩選的將所有信息全部奉上,一般情況下是無法完成作答的。

因此,我們必須利用一個有效的邏輯框架來幫助我們思考和回答題目。

我們的答題思路應該是這樣的:

Step1: 先敘述談話者遇到的問題;

Step2: 接著非常簡潔地列舉一下兩個解決方案;

Step3: 做出選擇,表明自己傾向的方案;

Step4: 用對角線原則陳述選擇的原因。(即:列舉自己的優勢,以及另一方案的劣勢。)

由此可見,我們一旦做出選擇后,沒必要將所有信息都陳述出來,而只要做到依據對角線原則,答出那些我們需要的原因就可以,即:自己的優點,別人的缺點。

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實戰分析

下面我們舉例來說明:

例:TPO32—Task5

Listen to a conversation between two students.

man:I don’t know about you, but, I’m really looking forward to summer break.

woman: I can’t even think that far ahead. I’ve got so much to do before the end of the semester. I’ve been feeling pretty stressed out lately.

man:Why? What’s going on?

woman:Well, I just have so many assignments. I’ve got three major research papers to do and they all due, basically, at the same time, in two weeks.

man: Wow! Three? That is a lot. And research papers take a lot of time.

woman: Right, and between my job and classes, there just aren’t enough hours in the day to get them all done.

man: Well, is there anything you could cut from your schedule, I mean, you’re working part-time in an office in town, aren’t you? Why don’t you just reduce your hours there for a while, at least till you get the papers done.

woman: Well, I guess I could tell my boss I need to cut back on my hours for a couple of weeks, uh, but I don’t know, I haven’t been working there very long. I don’t want to make a bad impression by asking for time off already?

man:What else could you do?

woman: Well, another option is I could get an extension on one of the papers. I asked one of my professors about it, my History professor, and she said it would be OK if I handed the paper in a week late. So, I guess I could just concentrate on getting the other two papers done first.

man: Oh, that’s great.

woman:Yeah, only she said she’d have to take a few points off the grade for the paper since it would be late, you know, to be fair to the other students.

man: Oh, that’s a drag. So what are you gonna do?

woman:Uh, I don’t know yet.

在聽的過程中,按照“七點法”進行考點分析:

(為了模擬考試狀態,此處我們只寫關鍵詞)

(1) Problem:

three major research papers / all due at the same time, in 2 weeks/------- part-time job/ no enough time for the three papers

托福培訓班

(2) Solution1:

Tell the boss/ cut back on her hours for a couple of weeks

優勢:this is only a part-time job / could ask the boss

劣勢:she’s not been working very long. / make a bad impression

(3) Solution2:

Get an extension on one of the papers.

優勢:she asked professor / she said it would be ok/ she could concentrate on the other two papers first.

劣勢:the professor would have to take a few points off the grade for the paper.

有了上面的考點提煉和梳理,我們答題就會顯得容易的多。

參考答案

現在,讓我們來看一個版本的參考答案:(選solution1)

Sample answer:

The woman in the conversation has got a problem, which is, she has three major research papers that all due at the same time in two weeks.

Meanwhile, she has a part-time job in an office in town. So there is not enough time in the day for her to get all three papers done.

Here are two solutions.

The first one is to tell the boss to cut back on her hours for a couple of weeks.

The second one is to get an extension on one of the papers.

I prefer the first one.

Since this is only a part-time job, and she thinks that the boss would understand her situation and allow her to cut some hours. And then she would have enough time in the 2 weeks to concentrate on getting all the three papers done.



As for the second solution, although the professor has said yes, it is still not good because to be fair to the other students, a few points would be taken off the grade for the paper as it would be late. That’s not what she wants.

Based on the reasons above, I prefer the first solution.

新托??谡Ztask5解析:商家定制禮物

托??谡Z考試日期:

2021年12月10日

托福培訓班

新托??谡Z題目回憶版本一:

IntegratedSpeaking: Problem-Solutions

題目

問題:女生是一個組織的*,要舉辦一個慶?;顒咏obusiness graduate students畢業生送禮物。女生要發禮物找商家定制coffee mugs但是商家Business這個詞里多印了一個s。

兩個解決辦法:

1、再等一周重新做,之后再給她發一次貨,但是就不能按時在活動前送到,并且還要一個個去送;

2、退掉,或者買其他的禮物比如T-shirt。

新托??谡Z題目回憶版本二:

【學生困難】

女生是business club的president,年末要發的禮物mug發生了偏差

【解決方案】

1. 讓商家重做,但時間會晚

2. 給學生發T-shirts不發mug了,但可能不太有business club的特點

新托??谡Z題目回憶版本三:

問題:假期要完成一個paper , 而dormitory 就要關掉。

解決方案1:可以去Nick 家里

優點1:和他與他的家人hang out

缺點1:可能沒有太多的時間寫paper

解決方案2:去一個professor 家里幫他照看pets and plants

優點2:有比較充裕的時間去完成paper

缺點2:自己一個人比較孤獨

答題關鍵詞:(P) The woman is supposed to give presents to the business club members at the end of the semester; she ordered customized mugs; but the word “business” on the mugs is spelt wrong when she received them; two possible solutions; return the mugs and wait for the new ones for free; ask for refund and use the money to buy other gifts; (S) ask for refund; mugs would arrive late if she chose to return and wait for new ones; business club members would be disappointed without presents given at the dinner; the woman could use the refund to buy other gifts; such as campus t-shirts; may not be as unique as customized mugs; but still related to the university; better something than nothing.

難度分析及注意事項

此題是校園生活類話題中的常見題目——活動困難,只需輕松應對即可。

北京托福培訓學
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