Over the course of many years Raine and his team scanned the brains of numerous murderers and nearly all showed similar brain changes. There was reduced activity in the pre-frontal cortex, the area of the brain which controls emotional impulses, and over activation of the amygdala, the area which generates our emotions.
So it seems that murderers have brains that make them more prone to rage and anger, while at the same time making them less able to control themselves.
Raine's studies suggest that part of the reason may be childhood abuse, which can create killers by causingphysical damage to the brain. The pre-frontal cortex is especially vulnerable
"Early physical abuse, amongst other things could have led to the brain damage, which could have led to him committing this violent act," Raine says.
But only a small proportion of those who have a terrible childhood grow up to become murderers. Could there be factors that predispose us to murder?
Donta Page was physically abused as a child
About 30% of men have this so-called warrior gene, but whether the gene is triggered or not depends crucially on what happens to you in childhood.
His explanation is that he was protected from a potentially violent legacy by a happy childhood. "If you've the high-risk form of the gene and you were abused early on in life, your chances of a life of crime are much higher. If you have the high-risk gene but you weren't abused, then there really wasn't much risk. So just a gene by itself, the variant doesn't really dramatically affect behaviour, but under certain environmental conditions there is a big difference".
There is no need to be overly preoccupied with the fantasy images of starsstanding out from the rest on the screen, the stage and the playing fieldbecause celebrity worship is part of everyday life, particularly amongadolescents. That young people are admiring media and sports celebrities issocially normal outside the academic and behavioral context. Accepting that itis good and natural to be young, then it is inevitable for young people to beobsessed with certain personalities as their ideal examples.
Psychologically speaking, a certain amount of star admiration is normal.When young, becoming fans of favorite stars is a form of escapism and a way todull emotional pain and stress; so, emulating celebrities is a natural part ofdevelopment to identify themselves with their icons. Even in adulthood, peoplerank successful inpiduals highly and model themselves after them. In a globalmedia culture, the lifestyle promoted by stars is often unattainable to theaverage person, regardless of whether it is realistic or ideal. Hence, the pointis that young people choose their models for reasons based on renownedexcellence in a specific field rather than on scandals that happen sometimes.That is, it is to admire what is shining in famous people's career successes andnot what happen to shadow their real lives.
Not unlike fashion, "star worship syndrome" is simply a social development,although there could be an unhealthy interest in the private lives of actors,actresses, pop singers, and sports players. Admiring celebrities may be as blindas falling in love, and just as normal. When it comes to immature and confusedminds, love cannot be avoided, nor can admiration for heroes and heroines. Suchstar obsession has proliferated since the creation of the mass media andtherefore it had better not be regarded as a moral issue. To believe thatcelebrity worship is a negative development only makes out-of-date moral sense,leading to nowhere. In this gossip world, to criticize celebrities for failingto deliver good examples all the time beyond their specialized fields calls forthe need to stop, in the first place, the media outlets from reporting whatgossip is made of.
Admiration for favorite stars does no harm to people, young or old;besides, star admiration cannot be avoided in this information age. Fortunately,most fans are able to learn to tell a realistic world from an ideal world duringthis period between no-longer children and not-yet adults, without having torefer to moral examples. Indeed, there is nothing wrong about young peopleseeking their idols by looking up at the shining stars in the fantasy world towhich many young people naturally belong.
Do you think old buildings should be broken down, and give place for modern buildings. How are the old buildings important in our society?
With the rapid development of urbanization, many people advocate the demolition of old houses for the benefit of economic and social development. But others argue that we can’t ruin the traditional cultural heritage. Personally, I side with the former opinion.
In the first place, the existence of old houses is an obstacle to modern urbanization by damaging the image of the city. If they are replaced with modern skyscrapers, the city will take on a new look. Take the Summer Palace in Beijing for example, Being government has demolished a large number of run-down the Summer Palace and constructed many new housing buildings instead.
In the second place, there is a potential danger to people living in old houses or even passers-by. If the houses are old enough to collapse in the end, where does the value of culture or tourism exist? The tourists surely will not travel a long distance to see these so-called “culture heritage” at the risk of their lives.
In the third place, replacing old houses with buildings can help to solve housing problems. It is well-known that China is a densely-populated country and people in urban areas only have little housing space. Undoubtedly, replacing old houses with new buildings is a good way to solve the problem.
As mentioned above, I can draw a conclusion safely: It is irresistible to replace old houses with modern buildings. At the same time, it is necessary for us to restore a limited number of old houses for the sake of conserving traditional culture and attracting tourists.